Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils Isolated from Two Piper Species Collected in Comoros

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S H Soidrou
A Farah
B Satrani
M Ghanmi
M Lachkar
Ahamada Himidi A

Abstract

The volatile composition of two piper species growing in Comoros was investigated in this study. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and their analyses were performed by GC and GC/MS. Sesquiterpene compounds are predominant in Piper borbonense C. DC. essential oils, but in Piper capense L. f. essential oil, monoterpene compounds were predominant. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH reduction method. Piper borbonense leaves and Piper capense essential oils were most active than Piper borbonense twigs essential oil, but this activity was less than BHT activity. Essential oils were also investigated for their antimicrobial activity on bacteria and fungi. Piper borbonense twigs essential oil was most active against all tested bacterial strains. The lower activity was observed in Piper borbonense leaves essential oil. For fungicidal testing, the highest activity was observed in essential oil from Piper borbonense leaves compared to that from twigs. The lower activity was observed in Piper capense essential oil. These oils are demonstrated a strong activity in vitro as potential antioxidant and antimicrobial agents.

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How to Cite
1.
Soidrou SH, Farah A, Satrani B, Ghanmi M, Lachkar M, Himidi A A. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils Isolated from Two Piper Species Collected in Comoros. IJPPR [Internet]. 25Aug.2019 [cited 5Jul.2020];11(4):315-22. Available from: http://www.ijppr.com/index.php/IJPPR/article/view/1020
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Research Article